Skin Rash Treatment

Skin Rash Treatment

Acne The most common type of skin rash is thought to be acne. Most people get acne at some point in their lives, and it is thought to affect 80 percent of 11 to 30-year-olds. Acne usually develops during the teenage years, causing spots to appear across the face, back, and chest. However, some people also carry the condition over into adulthood – this happens to about 1 in 20 women and 1 in 100 men with acne. Atopic dermatitis Another common cause of rash is atopic dermatitis, a form of a condition called eczema. Children with atopic dermatitis will usually display symptoms, such as dry and scaly patches on the scalp, forehead, and face during their first year of life. These scaly patches may also “bubble up” and weep fluid. Another unpleasant aspect of atopic dermatitis is a persistent and sometimes debilitating itching sensation. If symptoms of atopic dermatitis appear later in childhood, the rash may begin in the creases of the elbows or knees. It also sometimes appears on the: neck wrists ankles between the buttocks and legs Later, the skin may appear bumpy, discolored, or leathery. About 90 percent of all patients with atopic dermatitis first develop symptoms before the age of 5. Adult atopic dermatitis may cover much of the body and can be especially noticeable on the neck and face. Itching can be severe in cases of adult-onset atopic dermatitis and the damage to the skin may lead to infections. Some people who have atopic dermatitis in childhood may later grow out of it. However, it is common for people who have “grown out” of having atopic dermatitis to continue experiencing dry skin or eczema on their hands or eyelids. Their skin may be also easily irritated. Hives About 20 percent of people get hives, also known as urticarial, at some point in their lives. Hives appear as raised, itchy bumps that resemble large insect bites. Hives can appear on any part of the body, and it is common for the affected areas to “move around” or disappear and reappear. Hives can last for a short period, but in chronic cases, hives may last for more than 6 weeks. Infections A bacterial infection of the dermis – the deep layer of the skin – can cause cellulitis, which is signaled by a hot, swollen, painful, red rash. People with cellulitis may also experience fever, chills, nausea, and shivering. If the infection just affects hair follicles rather than entering the skin, this condition is known as folliculitis. Folliculitis appears as pimples surrounding individual hair follicles. Psoriasis Psoriasis is an immune disease that causes raised, red, scaly patches to develop on the skin. People usually develop psoriasis between the ages of 15 and 35. About 10-15 percent of people with psoriasis first develop symptoms before the age of 10. Rarely, it may also affect infants. Keloids A type of raised scar called a keloid can sometimes look like a rash. Doctors are not sure why some people’s skin scars in this way. Learn more about keloid scars, their symptoms and treatment. Actinic keratosis Actinic keratosis is a crusty, scaly growth that results from damage caused by exposure to ultraviolet radiation, often from the sun or indoor tanning. It often appears on areas of the body that has been exposed to sun or an indoor tanning bed, such as the face, scalp, ears, shoulders, neck, and back of the hands. The growths sometimes resemble warts and are rough and sandpapery in texture.
skin rash treatment 1

Skin Rash Treatment

A rash may be localized in one part of the body, or affect all the skin. Rashes may cause the skin to change color, itch, become warm, bumpy, chapped, dry, cracked or blistered, swell, and may be painful. The causes, and therefore treatments for rashes, vary widely. Diagnosis must take into account such things as the appearance of the rash, other symptoms, what the patient may have been exposed to, occupation, and occurrence in family members. Rash can last 5 to 20 days, the diagnosis may confirm any number of conditions. The presence of a rash may aid diagnosis; associated signs and symptoms are diagnostic of certain diseases. For example, the rash in measles is an erythematous, morbilliform, maculopapular rash that begins a few days after the fever starts. It classically starts at the head, and spreads downwards.
skin rash treatment 2

Skin Rash Treatment

A rash indicates an abnormal change in skin color or texture. Rashes are usually caused by skin inflammation, which can have many causes. There are many types of rashes, including eczema, granuloma annulare, lichen planus, and pityriasis rosea. Eczema and Your Skin Eczema is a general term that describes several different conditions in which skin is inflamed, red, scaly, and itchy. Eczema is a common skin condition, and atopic dermatitis (also called atopic eczema) is one of the most common forms of eczema. Eczema can occur in adults or children. The condition is not contagious. What Causes Atopic Eczema? The cause of atopic eczema is not known, but the condition often affects people with a family history of allergies. Many individuals with eczema also have hay fever and/or asthma or have family members with those conditions. Some factors can trigger a flare-up of eczema or make eczema worse, but they do not cause the condition. Eczema triggers include stress, skin irritants (including soaps, skin care products, or some fabrics), allergens, and climate/environment. What Are the Symptoms of Atopic Eczema? The appearance of eczema can vary from person to person. In adults, eczema occurs most frequently on the hands and elbows, and in “bending” areas such as the inside of the elbows and back of the knees. In young children, eczema is often seen on the elbows, knees, face, neck, and scalp. Signs and symptoms of atopic eczema include: Itchiness Skin redness Dry, scaly, or crusted skin that might become thick and leathery from long-term scratching Formation of small, fluid-filled blisters that might ooze when scratched Infection of the areas where the skin has been broken How Is Atopic Eczema Diagnosed? Atopic eczema usually is diagnosed with an analysis of a person’s history of symptoms and with an exam of the skin. A doctor might test an area of scaly or crusted skin to rule out other skin diseases or infections. How Is Atopic Eczema Treated? Atopic eczema can be treated with medications, including over-the-counter creams and ointments containing the steroid hydrocortisone (for example, Cortizone-10, Cort-Aid, Dermarest Eczema, Neosporin Eczema). These products may help control the itching, swelling, and redness associated with eczema. Prescription-strength cortisone creams, as well as cortisone pills and shots, are also used for more severe cases of eczema.
skin rash treatment 3

Skin Rash Treatment

Continued For people with mild-to-moderate eczema, topical immunomodulators (TIMs) can help. TIMS — including brand name products Protopic and Elidel — work by altering the body’s immune response to allergens, preventing flare ups. However, in 2005, the FDA warned doctors to prescribe Elidel and Protopic with caution due to concerns over a possible cancer risk associated with their use. The two medications have an FDA “black box” warning on their packaging to alert doctors and patients to these potential risks. The warning advises doctors to prescribe short-term use of Elidel and Protopic only after other available eczema treatments have failed in adults and children over the age of 2. Other drugs that might be used for patients with eczema include antibiotics (to treat infected skin) and antihistamines (to help control itching). Phototherapy is another treatment that helps some people with eczema. The ultraviolet light waves found in sunlight have been shown to benefit certain skin disorders, including eczema. Phototherapy uses ultraviolet light, either ultraviolet A (UVA) or ultraviolet B (UVB), from special lamps to treat people with severe eczema. Risks associated with phototherapy include burning (usually resembling a mild sunburn), dry skin, itchy skin, freckling, and possible premature aging of the skin. Your health care professionals will work with you to minimize any risks. Can Atopic Eczema Be Prevented? Currently, there is no effective strategy for preventing atopic eczema, but the symptoms of the condition can improve. To improve the signs of eczema: Reduce stress Avoid scratchy materials (for example, wool) and chemicals such as harsh soaps, detergents, and solvents Moisturize frequently Avoid sudden changes in temperature or humidity Avoid situations that cause sweating and overheating Granuloma Annulare and Your Skin Granuloma annulare is a chronic skin condition that consists of a circular-shaped rash with reddish bumps (papules). Most often, the condition affects children and young adults. Granuloma annulare is slightly more common in girls and usually is seen in people who are otherwise healthy. What Causes Granuloma Annulare? The cause of granuloma annulare is unknown. What Are the Symptoms of Granuloma Annulare? People who have granuloma annulare usually notice a ring of small, firm bumps over the backs of the forearms, hands, or feet. More than one ring may be noticed in some cases. The rash may be mildly itchy.
skin rash treatment 4

Skin Rash Treatment

Continued How Is Granuloma Annulare Diagnosed? The condition is diagnosed by a doctor who may use a skin biopsy to confirm the diagnosis. How Is Granuloma Annulare Treated? Treatment of granuloma annulare often is not necessary, except for cosmetic reasons. In some cases, steroid creams or ointments are used to help the bumps disappear. Some doctors may decide to freeze the lesions with liquid nitrogen or to inject steroids directly into the rings of bumps. Ultraviolet light therapy or oral drugs can be used in severe cases. Lichen Planus and Your Skin Lichen planus is a common skin disorder that produces shiny, flat-topped bumps that often have an angular shape and a reddish-purplish color. Lichen planus can occur anywhere on the skin but is often found on the insides of the wrists and ankles, the lower legs, the back, and the neck. Some people have lichen planus inside their mouth, genital region, hair, and nails. Thick collections of bumps may occur, especially on the shins. Lichen planus occurs most often in adults aged 30 to 70. It is not common in very young or elderly people. What Causes Lichen Planus? In most cases, the cause of lichen planus is not known. However, lichen planus is linked to hepatitis C infection in some cases. Medications to treat high blood pressure, heart disease, and arthritis can cause lichen planus-type rashes that are allergic reactions to those drugs. Lichen planus is not contagious. What Are the Symptoms of Lichen Planus? Signs and symptoms of the condition include shiny, flat-topped bumps that are purple or a reddish-purplish color. When it appears on the scalp, lichen planus may cause hair loss. Lichen planus of the nails can cause brittle or split nails. How Is Lichen Planus Diagnosed? A doctor can diagnose lichen planus by its distinctive appearance or with the use of a skin biopsy. In a skin biopsy, a small bit of skin is taken from the affected area and is sent to a lab for testing. How Is Lichen Planus Treated? Although lichen planus cannot be cured, its symptoms can be treated with anti-itch products such as antihistamines (for example, Benadryl, or diphenhydramine). If lichen planus affects only a small part of the body, medicated cream can be applied to the affected area. Drugs such as steroid injections, prednisone, other drugs to suppress the immune system, or retinoids may be prescribed in more severe cases. Another treatment for lichen planus is light therapy. Talk to your doctor about which treatment is right for you.

Skin Rash Treatment

Skin Rash Treatment
Skin Rash Treatment